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Last Update: 16 Nov 2018
Version 8.1.2

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For more enquiries, please contact us:
Address :
Department of Agriculture Sarawak, 7 & 12-17th Floor, Menara Pelita,
Jln. Tun Abdul Rahman Yakub, Petra Jaya, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel. No.: 082-441000   Fax No.: 082-447821
Email :
 

For more enquiries, please contact us:

Address :

Department of Agriculture Sarawak, 7th, 12-14, 16-17th Floor, Menara Pelita, Jln. Tun Abdul Rahman Yakub, Petra Jaya, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak

Tel. No.:  082-441000  
Fax No.:  082-447639 (Director Office), 
                 082-446039 (Human Resource)

Email : 

 

RambutanRambutan

1. Local Name: Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum)

 
Picture

2. Recommended varieties:

Clone Characteristic
R3 Large round fruit with red skin. Flesh is firm, sweet and juicy.
R4 Large, elongated, red fruit. Flesh thick, sweet and juicy. High yielder.
R99 Elongated fruit with red skin. Flesh is very firm, very crispy, dry and very sweet.
R169

Small, roundish, red fruit. Flesh is very firm, crunchy, dry and sweet.

R170 Large, elongated, red fruit. Flesh is firm, sweet and slightly juicy.
RS6 Large, elongated, red fruit with thicker skin and long hair. Flesh is thick, sweet, firm and slightly juicy.
R191 (Rambutan Anak Sekolah) Fruit is roundish and red in colour. Flesh is firm, medium sweet and not watery.

3. Soil Requirement:

  • The best soils are deep, loamy soils with good drainage.
  • The terrain can be flat to undulating.

4. Spacing: 9m x 9m (123 trees/ha)

5. Fertilizer Application:

Year
Time of Application
Type of Fertilizer
Amount / Tree / Year
(kg)
Rate/ Application
(kg)
0
Planting hole Rock Phosphate
Dolomite
Organic manure
0.20
0.10
5.0-10.0
0.20
0.10
5.0-10.0
1
Every 3 months 15:15:15
0.50
0.13
2
Every 3 months 15:15:15
1.00
0.25
3
Every 3 months 12:12:17:2+TE
1.50
0.38
4
Once every 6 months 12:12:17:2+TE
4.00
2.00
5
Once every 6 months 12:12:17:2+TE
4.00
2.00
6
Once every 6 months 12:12:17:2+TE
4.00
2.00
7
Once every 6 months 12:12:17:2+TE
4.00
2.00
8 onwards
Once every 6 months 12:12:17:2+TE
4.00
2.00

Chicken dung @ 10 kg/tree/year apply after harvest.

6. Vegetative period: 3 - 4 years.

7. Economic Life: 25 years.

8. Yield:

Age (Years)
Yield (mt/ha/year)
starting from 4th year of growth
1.2 - 15.0 (dengan 2,000 - 6,000 fruits/tree)

9. Pest And Disease Control:

Pest/Disease
Symptom
Control
1. Fruit borer   This pest is similar to cocoa pod borer. The larva tunnels in the fruit until it reaches the fruit stalk. Ripened fruits are preferred.  
  1. Infestation is normally not serious to take up control.
2. Mealy bugs  

Bug sucks sap from the fruits, resulting brown lesions on the fruits. Honey dew secreted during feeding results in sooty mold. This also attract ants and these ants assist in the dispersal of the bugs.

 

 

No recommended chemicals for control.

3. Anthracnose   Anthracnose is both a pre- and post-harvest disease on rambutan. The fungus, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, infects the leaves, flowers and fruit, especially during wet seasons. Circular dark brown to black lesions apperas on the fruit rind.   At the moment, there is no fungicide registered with the Malaysian Pesticide Board for rambutan.

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Source: Scheme Mechanics, 9MP (2006-2010) Fruit Industry Development Programme, June 2006